Language families

Baltic languages

A language group belonging to the Indo-European language family including
Latvian and Lithuanian.

Germanic languages

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family, subdivided into North, West and East Germanic.

Indo-Aryan languages

A language family originating in central Asia around four thousand years ago from Indo-Iranian (an early Indo-European language).

The oldest Indo-Aryan language with a surviving literature is Sanskrit.

Indo-European languages

A group of several hundred related languages with a common ancestor. These include almost all the languages spoken in Europe and Southern Asia - including Germanic and romance languages.


The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages and include
Danish, Swedish and Norwegian.


The ancestor of modern Germanic languages.

Romance languages

The Romance languages are a language family within the Indo-European languages - descending from

The Romance languages include Catalan, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Italian, Romanian, and Spanish.

West Germanic languages

The West Germanic languages are the largest of the branches of the Germanic language family of and include
Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, German, Low German languages and Yiddish.