The Surface languages Polish course is for beginners. It gives an outline of the structure of the Polish language using simple sentences. This will provide a basis for further progression in Polish. There are additional more complex sentences here.
The Surface languages course is for beginners and gives an outline of the structure of Polish through using simple sentences.
These lessons illustrate some of the basic points of Polish grammar using simple sentences. These will help you understand Polish sentence structure when reading and using real Polish. Understanding how sentences are constructed will help speak correctly.
The Polish language has both formal and informal forms of speech.Only the informal form is used here.
The Polish sentences in this course do not use complicated grammatical constructions, but still demonstrate many important concepts of Polish grammar.
As you become familiar with Polish, these will become clearer over time, but a few things worth knowing in advance are:
Polish grammar is inflected, with a flexible word order although Subject, Verb, Object is most common (and familiar to English speakers).
As Polish is inflected, the endings of words communicate a lot of information. Learning complete sentences will help (in conjunction with other free resources) in using the endings automatically.
There are seven cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, locative and instrumental.
There are three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter.
The endings of nouns and adjectives change depending on number, gender and case.
Prepositions use different cases. So, for example, w uses the accusative to mean 'on', but z using the instrumental means 'with'.
Verbs are classed as imperfective or perfective. Imperfective verbs denotes continous, habitual or ongoind events. Perfective verbs refer to single completed events - i.e. they imply completion.
The Polish sentences in this course do not use complicated grammatical constructions, but still introduces many important concepts of Polish grammar.
introduces the accusative case.
which introduces the use of Polish adjectives in the nominative, which is expanded on in Lesson 17.
Greetings and specific situations are covered within Polish phrases, and sentence based learning in Polish sentences.
Polish-dictionary.com contains are some excellent resources and explanations on the Polish language - www.polish-dictionary.com
A Polish Grammar (in a nutshell) - polish.slavic.pitt.edu/firstyear
Wiki page on Polish Grammer - en.wikipedia.org/firstyear