There are around 200 million speakers of Hindi. It is an Indo-Aryan language spoken throughout India and evolved from dialects such as Braj amd Awadhi. The language can be traced further to middle indo-Aryan dialects (Prakrits a group literary languages). These themselves have their origins in Sanskrit one of the oldest members of the Indo-European language family.
Hindi holiday phrases ordered by topic.
Test yourself on the Numbers 1 to 10.
Test yourself on the Numbers 11 to 20.
Test yourself on the Months.
Test yourself on the Colours.
Test yourself on Hindi words for Fruit.
Test yourself on Hindi words for Vegetables.
Hindi is written using the Devanagari script or alphabet.
The Hindi words and phrases on SurfaceLanguages are written using both the Devanagari script and a transliterated version. The transliteration attempts to match as closely as possible the sounds of the Hindi language with the roman alphabet.
The transliteration or romanized version of the script can be selected instead of Devanagari.
Nouns can be either masculine or feminine and there are no definite or indefinite articles. Possessives proceed the noun being described.
The basic order is Subject-Object-Verb. This can be seen in many of the Hindi expressions on SurfaceLanguages.
A few first words. 1, A few first words. 2, Bathroom. Items, Bedroom. Items, Buying things. General phrases, Buyings things. Useful words, Common nouns, Countries, Communication problems, Conversation. Introductions, Conversation. Small talk. 1, Conversation. Small talk. 2, Conversation. Filler words, Conversation. Small talk. Sport, Conversation. Small talk. The weather, Days. General, Days of the week and seasons, Describing things. Colours, Describing things. Adjectives, Directions. 1, Directions. 2, Eating items, Eating phrases. 1, Eating phrases. 2, Emergencies, Family, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 1, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 2, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 3, Getting around. General words, Getting around. General phrases, Getting around. Train and bus, Getting around by taxi, Getting around by car, Health and at the chemist, Money, Months of the year, Numbers. 1 to 10, Numbers. 11 to 20, Numbers. 30 to 1000, Parts of the body, Places and buildings. 1, Places and buildings. 2, Question and size words, Sightseeing, Somewhere to stay. 1, Somewhere to stay. 2, Special occasions, The house, Time. Useful words, Words to do with food. General, Words to do with food. Fruit, Words to do with food. Vegetables, Words to do with food. Meat.