Lithuanian is one of the Baltic languages with somewhere between three and four million speakers. It is of particular interest to linguists as it is the Indo-European language that has changed the least since it split from Proto-Indo-European.
Learn these basic phrases, and learn some (or all) of the 500 Lithuanian sentences.
Lithuanian holiday phrases ordered by topic.
Test youself on the Colours.
Test youself on the Months.
Test youself on the words for Fruit.
Test youself on the words for Vegetables.
An extract from a Lithuanian version of the Little Prince.
Kai man buvo šešeri metai, kartą vienoje knygoje apie Neįžengiamą girią - knyga vadinosi "Pasakojimai apie dalykus, kurie tikrai įvyko",- radau puikų paveiksliuką. Jame buvo atvaizduotas smauglys, ryjantis žvėrį. Štai čia perpieštas tas paveiksliukas.
A long time ago, when I was six years old, in a book about primeval forests, called 'True Stories from Nature', I saw a magnificant drawing. It was a picture of a boa constrictor in the act of swallowing an animal. Here is a copy of the drawing.
Tėve mūsų, kuris esi dangusu:
Švenskis vardas tavo.
Ateik karalystė tavo.
Būki tavo valia, kaip danguje, teip ir ant žemės.
Duonos mūsų visų dienų duok mumus nu.
Ir atleid mumus mūsų kaltybės, kaip mes atleid'em
mūsų kaltiemus. Neved mus ingi
pagundymą, bet gelbėk mus nuogi
There are no articles in Lithuanian, so kriaušė can mean either 'a pear' or 'the pear'.
Nouns can be either masculine or feminine and have seven cases - depending on meaning, sentence position or possession. These are Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental, Locative and Vocative. Nouns have both singular and plural forms and decline in both.
Adjectives decline and agree in case, noun and gender with the noun.
Verbs are divided into conjugations depending whether the third person present ends in 'a', 'i' or 'o'. There are formal and informal verb froms - similar to French tu and vous.
A few first words. 1, A few first words. 2, Bathroom. Items, Bedroom. Items, Buying things. General phrases, Buyings things. Useful words, Countries, Communication problems, Conversation. Introductions, Conversation. Small talk. 1, Conversation. Small talk. 2, Conversation. Filler words, Conversation. Small talk. Sport, Conversation. Small talk. The weather, Days. General, Days of the week, Describing (masculine) things. Colours, Describing (feminine) things. Colours, Describing (masculine) things. Adjectives, Describing (feminine) things. Adjectives, Directions. 1, Directions. 2, Eating phrases. 1, Eating phrases. 2, Eating items, Emergencies, Family Food and drink. General phrases>, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 1, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 2, Food and drink. At the bar or café. 3, Getting around. General phrases, Getting around. Train and bus, Getting around by taxi, Getting around by car, Health, Household items, Money, Months of the year, Numbers. 1 to 10, Numbers. 11 to 20, Numbers. 30 to 1000, Parts of the body, Places and buildings. 1, Places and buildings. 2, Question and size words, Somewhere to stay. 1, Somewhere to stay. 2, The house, Useful words to recognize, Words to do with food. General, Words to do with food. Fruit, Words to do with food. Vegetables, Words to do with food. Meat, Time.
Lithuanian dream podcast. Podcasts about Lithuania in English.
Lithuanian phrases ordered by topic.
Learn five hundred Lithuanian sentences.